Published

August 12, 2022

What are R&D Tax Credits?

Research and Development (R&D) Tax Credits are government reliefs, and support businesses that are making advances in science and technology.

They can be used for businesses that are interested in creating technological and research-based advancements in their field. The Research and Development grants are available for both successful and unsuccessful projects, encouraging business owners to make a change and initiate innovation within their sector. 

How Much can a business claim with an R&D credit?

The R&D credit is 13 percent on qualifying activities as of 1 April 2020. 

What Projects Qualify for R&D Credits ? 

R&D Credits are used for specific projects. For projects to qualify they must fulfil the following criteria: 

  • Must be part of company’s existing business, or have an intention to be a business line you intend to carry out based on the research the research and development claim is supporting 
  • Focused on an advance in science or technology within that sector 
  • Has to overcome uncertainty and attempted to overcome the uncertainty
  • Solving the problem is not easy or straight forward 

Types of R&D Credits:

There are two types of R&D credits that are available, dependent on the firm making the claim. 

SME R&D Credit: This is for companies with less than 500 employees, and a turnover of less than € 100 mil.

Research and Development Expenditure Credit (RDEC): For larger companies with 500 or more staff and either more than €100 million turnover or €86 million gross assets.

Useful tips for R&D Claims: 

Prior to commencing an R&D project, you can approach HMRC for prior approval known as Advance assurance here

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